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Feminization of agriculture



  Feminization of agriculture                 

The history of the feminization of agriculture is not anything new, it dates back several decades, during which our forefathers who lived in villages spent their entire life in the agricultural sector. According to the latest statistics of the agriculture census, there has been an increase in women farmers, either by their own interest or by force.


One need not perform any herculean task to search for reasons for the increase in the percentage of women active in the agricultural sector. In addition to the mounting unemployment, poor economic status and poverty pushed them to be employed in agriculture, either in their own land or as wage workers. Migration of men to urban from rural acted as fuel to the fire. It is very lamentable that, when most of the world is running after modernism and consumerism, this section of society is facing the deadliest crisis of even survival.


In the morning I saw ‘her’ in the kitchen, in plenty of tasks- cooking, washing, cleaning, taking care of children, husband, parents, pets, etc. Being a housewife is not an easy one, managing the house is the toughest job ever.  After some time, at 8’o clock she is in the field, tilling the land, watering, sowing, reaping, transplanting, weeding, storing, etc. Besides these, she is forced to undertake cattle management, milking, fodder collection, etc. During monsoon, her responsibilities increase, from dawn to dusk, the full time she is engaged in tasks one after another. No change in summer or winter, it is really an irony ‘She’ who has always contributed a lot to the progress and prosperity of the family is still subjected to the wrath and whims of society.

‘She’ is not a ‘superwoman’, consider her as an ordinary woman. A lot is said about the changed state of woman farmers. A lot is said of their strengths and abilities. At present, the urgent need is that, ideal female empowerment that would provide social, economic, educational, political, and psychological rights to all-female agricultural workers. But sadly say, a program having all these desirable characteristics is a dream. They should be granted easy loans since most of them are very poor and unable to invest any money for the improvement of their field. Stop shedding few ‘crocodile tears for her.

 Our government must pay serious attention to the development of agriculture and the welfare of woman farmers in our country because food is a basic necessity of people as well as of the nation. How can a nation become strong if it is suffering from a shortage of food? Luckily, ‘Kudumbashree Mission’, the women empowerment program implemented by the state government of Kerala, India is now perhaps on the way to reaching its zenith. Its main objective is to improve the conditions of women and eradicate poverty.


To solve the problems of woman agricultural workers, they should be given decent wages equal to that of men. They should also be supplied with better implements, better seeds, and better fertilizers at low rates so that they can increase agricultural production. If there are agricultural-based industries and manufacturing of agricultural implements in their own villages, it may help to improve the employment situation of villagers to a great extent and thus villagers become self-sufficient in their economy. Setting up agro-industries in rural areas is another one. 


Perhaps the most important need is to manufacture female-friendly tools and machinery for different types of farm operations. Agricultural training is another one. Female farmers should also be given a reasonable price for their products so that they are encouraged to introduce improvements and increase the production of food grains. In this way, we can solve the food problem of our nation to a great extent. Let us hope, the future of women farmers will be bright and they will justify their abilities by rising to the occasion.

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